It is estimated that it was built with about 2.3 million blocks of stone, whose average weight is two and a half tons per block, although there are some of them that weigh up to sixty tons. It was originally covered by about 27,000 blocks of white, polished limestone, several tons each. Until the completion of the Cologne Cathedral in 1880, it was the structure built by the tallest human being in the world.
So Magna of the Great Pyramid of Giza (also known as Pyramid of Cheops or Jufu), the largest of the pyramids of Egypt. What few people know is that the true “builder” of this work was the Nummulites. A human town? No, unicellular animal organisms (protozaries) that lived in the Paleocene and Eocene seas, between 66 and 40 million years ago.
Their shells are frequently found as fossils and can reach 6 cm in diameter. They are the Nummulites. But what do these creatures have to do with the construction of the Great Pyramid?
The building blocks are made of limestone, which was extracted from a nearby site. All this is the result of the simplest organisms on the planet, the Nummulites (which means “small coins” in Latin). As Lewis Dartnell explains in his book Origins :
The limestone blocks are made up of many coin-like discs. If we look for some that are broken, we may be lucky to see their internal structure: an extraordinarily intricate spiral, subdivided into small chambers. We will be seeing fossils of marine organisms called foraminifera. And what is more impressive, since each shell can be a few centimeters in diameter, is that the organism that created it is unicellular.
Thus, the huge blocks of rock that make up the Great Pyramid were extracted from what is basically a giant slab of limestone that stretches across Eurasia and Africa composed of countless shells of these creatures. In other words: the building material of the Great Pyramid is the biological rock. It is alive, in the way.
Thus, although the Egyptian pharaohs ordered their construction from huge blocks of limestone, it was other living things that built the pyramids. The tombs of the pharaohs are made of a myriad of depositions of the skeletal remains of a gigantic marine unicellular organism.
Currently, the following dimensions of the Great Pyramid are the result of the work of Mark Lehner and Jon Goodman in 1984:
- Original height = 146.50 m.
- Current height = 136.86 m.
- Slope: 51º 50 ‘ (ca. 15 m)39 “